The liver is responsible for many critical functions related to metabolism, protein synthesis, bile secretion and detoxification. When it become diseased or injured, the loss of those functions can cause significant damage to the body. Liver disease is also referred to as hepatic disease. Usually, more than 75% or three quarters of liver tissue needs to be affected before a decrease in function occurs.
Liver is also unique anatomically as it looks one organ from outside it is divided in 8 segments and has 4 different type of vessel systems running inside. Removing a part of liver without damaging the function of remaining part, requires a great planning surgical precision, advance instruments and lots of experience.
Liver tumors or hepatic tumors are tumors or growths on or in the liver (medical terms pertaining to the liver often start in hepato- or hepatic from the Greek word for liver, hepar). Several distinct types of tumors can develop in the liver because the liver is made up of various cell types.
There may be no symptoms in the early stage of the disease. As the cancer grows, the first symptoms to develop may be quite vague and nonspecific. For example, feeling generally unwell, feeling sick (nausea), loss of appetite, weight loss and tiredness. Many people who develop primary liver cancer will already have symptoms associated with cirrhosis. If you already have cirrhosis and your health becomes worse quite quickly, the cause may be a liver cancer which has developed.
A liver injury is some form of trauma sustained to the liver. This can occur through either a blunt force such as a car accident, or a penetrating foreign object such as a knife. Liver injuries constitute 5% of all traumas, making it the most common abdominal injury.
Internal bleeding is one of the most serious consequences of trauma. Usually, the bleeding results from obvious injuries that require rapid medical attention. Internal bleeding may also occur after a less severe trauma or be delayed by hours or days. Some internal bleeding due to trauma stops on its own. If the bleeding continues or is severe, surgery is required to correct it.
Liver infections are classified according to the category of the infecting agent as viral, bacterial or parasitic. Viral infections include both primary hepatitis viruses or secondary causes where the liver is involved during systemic viral infections such as cytomegalovirus, HIV and herpes simplex.
Jaundice is a yellowish discolouration of the skin, mucous membranes, and the outer layer of the eyeball caused by elevated levels of the chemical bilirubin in the blood. When iron is removed from hemoglobin in RBC (red blood cells), the waste remains in the bloodstream. This is called bilirubin. When bilirubin is generated in excess and is accumulated in the bloodstream, various conditions of jaundice come into existence. Bilirubin is the breakdown product of hemoglobin and when it is transmitted openly in the blood, it is known as unconjugated bilirubin.
There are numerous treatments for jaundice, depending on the cause. Treatment for pre-hepatic jaundice aims to intercept the speedy breakdown of RBCs, which creates bilirubin tiers in the blood. In intrahepatic jaundice, treatment is focused at care of the liver. Newborn jaundice takes about a couple of weeks to heal and is usually not a matter of concern.
- Yellow colour overlay on the skin.
- Yellowish tint in the white area of the eye and itchiness on the skin.
- Fatigue (prostration, exhaustion, inaction, and inactivity)
- Stomach pain, which typically indicates an obstruction of the bile duct.
- Reduction in weight.
- Dark urine, Vomiting, Fever.
Liver cirrhosis is a slow-developing disease in which normal tissues of the liver are replaced by abnormal/scar tissues. The disease prevents the normal flow of blood through the liver and stops the liver from functioning properly, leading to a long-term damage. Cirrhosis even affects the abdominal blood vessels, and the huge portal vein, which transports blood from the intestines and spleen through the liver.
Cirrhosis causes ailments such as jaundice, excessive itching, and fatigue. Mild cirrhosis can be easily treated, but advanced stages may cause widespread liver damage.
Liver cirrhosis develops very slowly, and its symptoms can be identified at an early stage. Early stage liver cirrhosis is identified by symptoms such as:
Fatigue, Fever, Jaundice, Weight loss, Fluid retention, Black stools and bloody vomit.
A cyst is a small sac or capsule packed with fluid, cells, or other material -- sort of like a balloon.
Cysts normally show up on or just beneath your skin. The back of the neck and wrists are common cyst sites. But cysts can also show up in organs, breast tissue, ovaries, or other places inside your body.
Liver cysts form on or in your liver. They’re very common; about one in every 20 people is walking around with at least one cyst. But most people who have a liver cyst don’t know it
Bloating, Pain in the upper-right part of your stomach or abdomen, An abdomen that feels full or uncomfortable, Pain in your right shoulder.